RFC RAND, fan-suggested city lists

Make comments on the corresponding forum page

Rhye's guidelines

So, each civ will have 4 city names lists:

1- for non-coastal cities in the continent
2- for coastal cities in the continent
3- for non-coastal cities in another continent
4- for coastal cities in another continent

- 10 cities for each list are enough, though more than 10 is even better
- even if you have less than 10, it can be OK if the other lists are bigger
- cities must be important, historically and possibly nowadays
- you should sort them considering founding date too. If you notice, I put Buenos Aires lower than Santo Domingo
-Founding date isn't the only sort criteria. Should be a combination of factors, such as city importance, historical and modern, controversies, distance from the capital, and its name (I prefer to use, where possible, names not longer than Nouvelle Orleans)
- you can use random lists and RFC city maps for ispiration
- when a city could belong to more than one civ, we should decide which one should. Possibly the most representative: Marseille is better French than Roman. But there may be different situations.
- accents are important!!! Consider that with just a wrong accent, renaming system won't work. Use the character map for accents you haven't got on your keyboard
- as in RFC, names must be in native name: e.g. Korinthos, not Corinth
- when different romanizations are available, use the one used in RFC: e.g. Beijing, not Peking
- don't worry about leaving some lists empty (like Mayan 3 and 4). In that case, a name from the other lists is picked instead

Please, from now on, make the updates directly on this list (so that we have a single version), and keep the syntax
"……",
or
"……", #comment
or
#"…….", #comment if the city is excluded

leaving the "-1" at the end of each category.
And please use "&#XXX;" combinations (as in the character map) instead of stressed letters

tCityLists = (
#Egypt
((
"Niwt-Rst",#Thebes
"Ineb Hedj",#Memphis
"Per-Atum",#Heliopolis
"Henen-Nesut",#Heracleopolis
"Yebu",#Elephantine
"Abdju",#Abydos
"Abusir",#Busiris
"Hut-Repyt",#Athribis
"Djanet",#Tanis
"Khmun",#Hermopolis
"Zawty",#Asyut
"Nekhen",#Heirakonpolis
"Tjeny",#Thinis
"Shedyet",# Crocodilopolis
"Gebtu",#Coptos
"Akhetaten",
"Pi-Ramesses",
"-1"
),(
"Per-Atum",#Pithom
"Djedet",#Mendes
"Per-Wadjet",#Buto
"Per-Bastet", #Bubastis
"Tjebnutjer",#Sebennytos
"Hatwaret",#Avaris
"-1"
),(
"Kadesh",
"Dapur",#supposedly in Syria
"-1"
),(
"Gaza",
"Zemar",#in Lebanon
"-1"
)),
#India
((
"Dilli",#(2000 B.C.)(Capital)
"Lahore",#(2000 B.C.)(in pakistan)
"Varanasi",#(1000 B.C.)
"Nagpur",#(700 B.C.)(Note:Line over the a!)
"Takshashila",#(518 B.C.)
"Patna",#(490 B.C.)
"Ujjaini",#(400 B.C.)
"Agra",#(150 A.D. or 1504 A.D.)
"Bengaluru",#(500 A.D.)
"Dhaka",#(600 A.D.)
"Raipur",#(800 A.D.)
"Bhopal",#(1000 A.D.)
"Lakhnau",#(1350 A.D.?)
"Indore",#(Mughal Times)
"Amritsr",#(1574 A.D.)
"Hyderabad",#(1591 A.D.)
"Jaipur",#(1727)
"-1"
),(
"Chittagong",#(ancient times)
"Mumbai",#(250 B.C.)
"Cochin",
"Calcutta",#(0 A.D.)
"Chennai",#(0 A.D.)
"Karachi",#(712 A.D.?)(in pakistan)
"Visakhapatnam",#(500 B.C.)
"Orugallu",#(300 B.C.)
"Govapuri",#(200 B.C.)
"Tanjapuri",#(0 A.D.)
"Surat",#(1400's)
"Berhampur",
"Kakinada",
"Pitikapuram",
"Thiruvananthapuram",#(1000 B.C.)
"-1"
),(
"Badulla",#(Ancient Times)
"Galle",#(1400 B.C.)
"Anuradhapura",#(400 B.C.)
"Kurunegala",#(1200's)
"Kandy",#(1300's)
"Ratnapura",
"-1"
),(
"Male",#(ancient times)
"Kolon Thota",#(0 A.D.)
"Trincomalee",#(400 B.C.)
"Jaffna",
"Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte",#(ancient times)
"-1"
)),
#China
((
"Beijing",# founded in 1045 BC
"Xi'an",#(Chang'an) founded in 1000s BC
"Luoyang",#770BC
"Kaifeng",#700sBC (flourish in 1000ADs, before invade of Mongols)
"Suzhou",#541BC
"Yangzhou",#486BC (flourish in 1000ADs, before invade of Mongols)
"Nanjing",#472BC
"Taiyuan",# 453 BC (flooded several times intentionally)
"Chengdu",#311BC (a city never completely destroyed, have a mass earthquake recently)
"Shenyang",# BC301~296
"Lanzhou",#241
"Chongqing",#(BC 1100s but named Chongqing in 1189)
"Wuhan",#(BC 1500s but disappear in BC 1100s, 3 cities together renamed Wuhan in 1927)
"Wulumuqi",#(Urumqi) 1755 AD (So we call there "new horizon")
"Changchun", # 1800 AD
"-1"
),(
"Hangzhou",#(Lin'an) 221BC
"Guangzhou",#(Canton) 214BC
"Ningbo",# 821AD
"Xianmen",#(Amoy) 1387AD
"Tianjin",#(Tientsin) 1404AD
"Shanghai",# 1553AD
"Qingdao",#(Tsintao) 1891AD (Former German Colony)
"Macau",# (Aomen ??) Maybe 1557AD (Who knows what Portuguese did there?)
"Xianggang",#1841AD
"Dalian",#1899AD (Former Russian Colony)
"Shenzhen",#1980AD (the fastest growing cities, use 20 years from a small villige to a city with 11 million population)
"-1"
),(
"Lasa",#(Lhasa) 633 AD (Not ours that time, but Tibet belong to China since the domination of Mogols 700years ago)
"Pyongyang",
"-1"
),(
"Haikou",#several hundreds years ago
"Sanya",#Sanya
"Taibei",#1875AD (Taiwan was invaded by Niederlander, Spainish and Japanese, but it's part of China undoubtly, no matter it's PRC or ROC)
"Taichung",#Taizhong 1705 AD
"Gaoxiong",#Kaohsiung
"-1"
)),
#Babylonia
((
"Babilû",
"Uruk",#Erech
"Larsa",#Lasar
"Ninua",
"Shushan",
"Nippur",
"Akkad",#Agade
"Eshnunna",
"Kish",
"Isin",
"Zariqum",
"Opis",
"Borsippa",#Barsippa
"Anatho",
"Sippar",
"Zuruban",
"Calchu",#Assyrian city of Nimrud.
"Cuthah",#Assyrian or Iranian plateau city.
"Mari",#west of original Babylonian power.
"Thapsacus",#tributary from Syria.
"-1"
),(
"Eridu",
"Ur",
"Lagash",
"Kesh",#not the same as Kish
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
),(
"Raphia",
"-1"
)),
#Greece
((
"Sparte",#(1100 BC)
"Delphoi",
"Mykenai",
"Thebes",
"Larisa",#(400 B.C.)
"Olympia",
"Stageira",
"Trikka",
"Argos Orestikon",#Macedonian
"Aegae",#Macedonian
"Tomis",#now Constantia (Romania)
"-1"
),(
"Athenai",#(1000 B.C.)(Capital)
"Korinthos",
"Thebai",
"Argos",
"Rhodos",
"Ilion",#also Troy
"Knossos",
"Miletos",
"Megara",
"Pergamon",
"Ephesos",
"Halicarnassos",
"Heraclea",
"Patras",#(3000 B.C.), ancient Patrai. Important in Mycenian times
"Pylos",
"Epidavros",#also Epidaurus
"Thessaloniki",#(315 B.C.)
"Mytilene",
"Arta",#(295 B.C.), ancient Amvrakia
"Kerkyra",
"-1"
),(
"-1"
),(
"Naxos",#735 BC - oldest Greek colony in Sicily
"Olbia",#also Pontic Olbia, on the Black Sea
"Alexandreia",
"Kyrene",
"Berenikis",
"Seleukeia",
"Antiokheia",
#"Trapezos",#756 BC - given to Turkey's list on the grounds that it's in the Turkish heartland
"Tyras",#in Ukraine
"Syrakousai",#Syracuse
"Rhegion",#now Reggio (Italy)
"Phanagoria",#in Crimea
"Theodosia",#now Feodosiya (Ukraine) - in Crimea
"Alalia",#in Corsica
"Hyele",#also Elea
"Emporion",#in Spain
"Antipolis",#now Antibes (France)
"Kimmerikon",#in Ukraine (Crimea)
"-1"
)),
#Persia
((
"Parsa",#Persepolis
"Pathragada",# first Persian capital, founded by Cyrus. Ancient Pasargadae
"Ecbatana",#ancient Hamadan
"Sirajis",#also Shiraz
"Rhagae",
"Arbela",#ancient Arbil
"Balkh",#also Bactra
"Samarkand",#capital of Sogdiana. Greeks called it Maracanda
"Margu",#ancient Merv
"Aspadana",#ancient Isfahan
"Ctesiphon",#Parthian capital
"Anshan",
"Pura",
"Hecatompylos",
"Kangavar",
"Arzuhina",
"-1"
),(
"Harmozia",#ancient Minab
"-1"
),(
"Sparda",#Persian name for Sardis
"Tushpa",#modern Van (Turkey)
"Pteria",#in Turkey
"Gordion",#in Turkey
"Pushpapura",#modern Peshawar (Afghanistan)
"Cunaxa",#in Iraq
"Erebuni",#modern Yerevan (Armenia)
"Gangra",#capital of Paphlagonia
"Perga",#in Turkey
"-1"
),(
"Salamis",#in Cyprus
"Tarsus",#capital of Cilicia
"Issus",
"-1"
)),
#Carthage
((
"Utica",
"Zama",
"Sicca",#(El Kef)
"Sarim Batim",#(Constantine, Algeria)
"Sitifis",#(Setif)
"-1"
),(
"Qart-Hadasht",#(Carthage)
"Hippo",#(Annaba)
"Kerkouane",
"Lpqy",
"Oea",#(Tripoli)
"Thapsus",
"Tingi",#(Tangier)
"Ikosim",#(Algiers)
"Rusadir",
"Tacape",
"Sabratha",
"Iol",#(Chercell)
"Tipasa",
"Lixus",
"Hadrametum",
"Thanae",
"-1"
),(
"Carmo",#(Carmona)
"Helmantica",#(Salamanca)
"Elibyrge",#(Grenada)
"-1"
),(
#"Malaka",#(Malaga)
"Gades",#(Cádiz)
"Ziz",#(Palermo)
"Sexi",#(Almuñécar)
"Abdera",
"Karalis",#(Cagliari)
"Olbia",
"Melita",#(Malta)
"Motya",
"Lilybaeum",
"Qart Hadasht",#(Nova Carthago)
"Sur", #Tyre
"Gebal", #Byblos
"Sidon",
"Arvad", #Arados
"-1"
)),
#Rome
((
"Roma",# founded 753 b.C.
"Arretium",# (Arezzo) founded IX century b.C., conquered 295 b.C.
"Tarquinii",# (Tarquinia) conquered 281 b.C.
"Mediolanum",# (Milano) founded 600 b.C., conquered 222 b.C.
"Beneventum",# (Benevento) founded VII century b.C., conquered 268 b.C.
"Faesulae",# (Fiesole) annexed III century b.C.
"Felsina",# – Bononia (Bologna) founded 534 b.C., conquered 189 b.C.
"Brixia",# (Brescia) founded VI century b.C., annexed 189 b.C.
"Parma",# founded VI century b.C., annexed 183 b.C.
"Perusia",# (Perugia) founded VI century b.C., annexed 89 b.C.
"Verona",# annexed 89 b.C.
"Placentia",# (Piacenza) founded 218 b.C.
"Ticinum",# (Pavia) founded 189 b.C.
"Forum Livii",#(Forlì) founded 188 b.C.
"Aquileia",#founded 181 b.C.
"Florentia",# (Firenze) founded 59 b.C.
"Augusta Taurinorum",#(Torino) founded 29 b.C.
"Augusta Praetoria",#(Aosta) founded 25 b.C.
"-1"
),(
"Neapolis",# (Napoli) founded V century b.C., conquered 326 b.C.
"Ostia",# founded 633 b.C.
"Rhegium",# (Reggio Calabria) founded VIII century b.C., annexed 341 b.C.
"Genua",# (Genova) founded XX century b.C., refounded 203 b.C.
"Pisae",# (Pisa) founded VI century b.C., annexed 180 b.C.
"Tarentum",# (Taranto) founded 706 b.C., conquered 272 b.C.
"Brundisium",# (Brindisi) founded ?, conquered 267 b.C.
"Antium",# (Anzio) annexed V century b.C.?
"Capua",# founded 800 b.C., annexed 343 b.C.
"Ancona",# founded 387 b.C., annexed 113 b.C.
"-1"
),(
"Italica",# (206 BCE)
"Metellinum",# (80 BCE)
"Corinthiensis",# (44 BCE)
"Lugdunum",# (43 BCE)
"Emerita Augusta",# (25 BCE)
"Bracara Augusta",# (20 BCE)
"Augusta Treverorum",# (16 BCE)
"Augusta Rauracorum",# (15 BCE)
"Augusta Vindelicorum",# (15 BCE)
"Augusta Suessionum",# (Augustus)
"Camulodunom",# (43 CE)
"Eboracum",# (71 CE)
"-1"
),(
"Dyrrachium",# (229 BCE)
"Colonia Iunonia",#/Carthago (122 BCE)
"Narbo Martius",# (118 BCE)
"Tarraco",# (?)
"Thapsus",# (46 BCE)
"Patras",# (Augustus)
#Nova Roma/Constantinopolis (330 CE)
"-1"
)),
#Japan
((
"Kyoto",# (capital, 6th century, originally Heian-kyo)
"Nara", #(710)
"Nagano",# (642)
"Fukushima",# (12th century)
"Yamaguchi",# (14th century)
"Matsumoto",# (15th century)
"Takayama",# (16th century)
"Morioka",# (1597)
"Nagaoka",# (1616)
"-1"
),(
"Edo",# (1457, Tokyo after 1603)
"Osaka",# (3rd century)
"Fukuoka",# (ancient times)
"Kobe",# (3rd century)
"Kagoshima",# (14th century)
"Nagasaki",# (before 16th century)
"Hiroshima",# (1589)
"Sendai",# (1600)
"Nagoya",# (1610)
"Shimonoseki",# (18th century)
"Yokohama",# (19th century)
"-1"
),(
"Sapporo",# (late 19th century)
"Mukden",# (ancient, Japanese after 1905, also Shenyang [don’t know the Japanese name, Mukden is Manchurian])
"Toyohara",# (1905)
"-1"
),(
"Naha",# (ancient times)
"Hakodate",# (1454)
"Kushiro",# (1869)
"Otomari",# (1905)
"Keijo",# (conquered 1910, Japanese name for Seoul)
"-1"
)),
#Ethiopia
((
"Aksum",# - capital of the ancient country of Aksum (coincidentally).
"Yeha",# - may have been the capital of the D'mt kingdom (8th century BC).
"Hawulti",# - evidently an important city of the Aksumite kingdom.
"Qohaito",# - may have been Aksum's summer capital.
"Matara",# - major Aksumite city.
"Lalibela",# - either originally Roha or Adefa. Renamed after King Lalibela, who was born there. Second-holiest city in the country to Ethiopians after Aksum.
"Asmara",# - founded in the 12th century during Solomonic dynasty.
"Debre Berhan",# - founded by Zara Yakob as his capital (1456).
"Gondar",# - capital from 1635 until 1855.
"Adowa",# - gained importance in the 17th century as a trade route between Gonder and the coast.
"Makale",# - founded 13th century, not important until the 19th.
"Addis Ababa",# - founded 1886 by Menelik II.
"Dessye",# - founded 1882.
"Dire Dawa",# - founded 1902.
"-1"
),(
"Adulis",# - main port of Aksum. Now capital of Eritrea.
"Avalitis",# - modern Assab.
"Massawa",# - Overshadowed by Adulis most of its history.
"-1"
),(
"Saphar",# - Zafar, Yemen. Part of the Aksumite Kingdom at its height.
"Harerge",# - also Harar. Capital of the Islamic kingdom of Adal.
"Bonga",# - capital of the kingdom of Kaffa, 14th to 19th centuries.
"-1"
),(
"Muza",# - site in modern Saudi Arabia. Part of ancient Aksum.
"Zeila",# - capital of the sultanate of Ifat.
"Suakin",# - in Sudan.
"-1"
)),
#Maya
((
"Tikal",#also Tik’al or Mutul
"Chichen Itzá",
"Xukpi",#also Copán
"Oxhuitza",#also Caracol
#"El Mirador",#major pre-Classical site, 6th century BC to 1st century AD
"Uxmal",
"Palenque",
"Uaxactun",
"Quiriguá",
"Calakmul",
"Izapa",#major pre-Classical site
"Seibal",
"Yokib",#also Piedras Negras
"Pa' Chan",#also Yaxchilan
"Maxam",#also Naranjo
"Bonampak",
"Dzibilchaltún",
"Chinkultic",
"Sayil",
"Edzná",#also Etzná
"Toniná",
"Kaminaljuyu",
"-1"
),(
"Tulum",#also Zama
"Lamanain",#major pre-Classical site, founded ca. 16th century BC
"Tayasal",#also Petén Itzá (on Lake Petén Itzá)
"Jaina",#island on the coast - Mayan town built there
"Cobá",#on Lake Macanxoc
"Hochob",
"Lim Ni Punit",
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
)),
#Vikings
((
"Birka",
"Viborg",
"Uppsala",
"Jelling",
"Roskilde",
"Västerås",
"Södertälje",
"Lund",
"Skien",
"Randers",
"Hedeby", #Haithabu
"Sigtuna",
"Schleswig",
"Skara",
"Linköping",
"Örebro",
"Odense",
"Ålborg",
"-1"
),(
"Nidaros",
"Oslo",
"Stockholm",
"Bergen",
"Helsingborg",
"Kalmar",
"Stavanger",
"København",
"Tønsberg",
"Ribe",
"Århus",
"Aalborg",
"Malmö",
"Sarpsborg",
"Visby",
"Køge",
"Köpingsvik",
"Kaupang"
"Göteborg ",
"Trelleborg",
"Harstad",
"-1"
),(
"Cork",
"Limerick",
"Wexford",
"Skarðaborg",
"Grobina",#originally Grobin
"Holmgård",
"Timerevo",
"-1"
),(
"Waterford",
"Dublin",
"Reykjavik",
"Tórshavn",
"Vinland",
"Kirkwall",
"Swansea",
"Klaksvík",
"Helluland",
"Markland",
"Hjaltland",
"Arklow",
"Brattahlíð",
"Hafnarfjörður",
"Reay",
"-1"
)),
#Arabia
((
"Makkah",
"Al-Madinah",
"Dimashq",
"Baghdad",
"Najran",
"Mosul",
"Ar-Riyad",
"Halab",
"Sanaa",
"Amman",
"-1"
),(
"Jeddah",
"Al-Basrah",
"Gaza",
"Beirut",
"Masqat",
"Aden",
"Al-Qatif",
"Abu-Dhabi",
"Dubai",
"Al-Kuwait",
"Ad-Dammam",
"Salalah",
#"Saïda",#Sidon
"-1"
),(
"Aswan",
"Al Qayrawan",
"Fas",
"Gárnata",
"Harar",
"Al-Khartum",
"Sabha",
"-1"
),(
#"Al-Iskhandariya",
"Al-Jazair",
"Tunis",
"Wahran",
"Dar-Beida",
"Rabbat",
#"Maqadishu",
"Zanji-bar",
"Tobruk",
"-1"
)),
#Khmer
((
"Angkor",
"Yasodharapura",# - first Khmer capital built at Angkor. Sanskrit translation: "Holy City", or "Capital City" by extension.
"Isanapura",# - capital of the Khmer kingdom of Chenla.
"Hariharalaya",# - another former capital.
"Sambhupura",# - captured by Jayavarman II. On the Mekong.
"Phnom Penh",# - current capital, after Koh Ker.
"Mahendraparvata",# - founded by Jayavarman II.
"Lovek",# - capital in the sixteenth century.
"Ba Phnom",
"Suryaparvata",
"Shrestapura",
"Aninditapura",#
"Pursat",
"Koh Ker",# - capital under Jayavarman IV and Hasavarman II.
"Phimai",# - also Pimai.
"Udong",
"Mahanokor",# - could also be Wat Nokor?
"Siem Reap",# - means "defeat of Siam".
"Beng Melea",# - Ancient Khmer city.
"Batdambang",# - founded in the 11th century.
"Lomphat",
"Kampong Svay",# - another ancient Khmer city.
"Kracheh",# - also called Kratié.
"-1"
),(
"Prey Nokor",# - Now Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon). Main Khmer port until the 17th century.
"Chaudoc",# - Now in southern Vietnam.
"Kampot",#
"-1"
),(
"Klong Thom",# - supposedly in modern Thailand.
"-1"
),(
"Indrapura",# - Cham city conquered by the Khmer. Today's Dong Duong in Vietnam.
"Kauthara",# - Another Cham city captured by the Khmer, around 945. Now Nha Trang (Vietnam)
"-1"
)),
#Spain
((
"Madrid",
"Sevilla",
"Toledo",
"Zaragoza",
"Santiago",
"Salamanca",
"Pamplona",
"Córdoba",
"Granada",
"Badajoz",
"León",
"Oviedo",
"Vitoria",
"Bilbao",
"Albacete",
"Burgos",
"-1"
),(
"Barcelona",
"Valencia",
"La Coruña",
"Santander",
"Malaga",
"Alicante",
"Huelva",
"Almería",
"Ceuta",
"Melilla",
"Tenerife",
"Ibiza",
"-1"
),(
"Guadalajara",
"La Paz",
"Medellín",
"Bogotá",
"Monterrey",
"Villa Hermosa",
"Asunción",
"Puebla",
"Chihuahua",
"Concepción",
"Santa Fé",
"San Antonio",
"Hermosillo",
"Las Vegas",
"Rosario",
"-1"
),(
"Santo Domingo",
"La Habana",
"Veracruz",
"Lima",
"San Juan",
"Buenos Aires",
"Campeche",
"Caracas",
"Santa Marta",
"San Salvador",
"Guatemala",
"Cartagena de Indias",
"Montevideo",
#"Los Angeles",
"Sacremento",#(1839)
"San Diego",
"Villa Cisneros",#(Western Sahara)
"El Aaiún",#(Western Sahara)
"-1"
)),
#France
((
"Paris",#(52 B.C.)
"Lyon",#(100 B.C.)
"Orléans",
"Avignon",#(Roman Times)
"Reims",#(496 A.D.)
"Tours",
"Chartres",
"Toulouse",
"Angers",
"Rennes",
"Besançon",
"Dijon",
"Poitiers",
"Amiens",
"Metz",
"Clermont-Ferrand",
"Rouen",
"Limoges",
"-1"
),(
"Marseille",#(100-0 B.C.)
"Bordeaux",#(350 B.C.)
"Brest",
"Le Havre",
"Nantes",
"Nice",
"Toulon",
"Calais",
"La Rochelle",
"Montpellier",
"La Roche-sur-Yon",
"Saint-Nazaire",
"Caen",
"Perpignan",
"Biarritz",
"Dunkerque",
"-1"
),(
"Québec", #(1608)
"Bâton-Rouge", #(1699)
"St.Louis", #(1703)
"Fort Détroit", #(1701)
"Tadoussac", #(1599)
"Fort Toulouse", #(1717)
"Fort Niagara", #(1726)
"Fort Dauphin",
"Sault Ste-Marie", #(1668)
"Saül", #
"Trois-Rivières",
"Fort-Lamy",
"Bangui",
"-1"
),(
"Cayenne", #(1604)
"Port Royal", #(1605)
"Montréal", #(1642)
"Fort Caroline", #(1564)
"Nouvelle Orleans", #(1718)
"Fort-de-France", #(1638)
"Basse-Terre", #(1643)
"Mobile", #(1702)
"Biloxi", #(1699)
"Port-au-Prince", #(1749)
"Kourou",
"Libreville",
"Philippeville",
"Abidjan",
"Conakry",
"Pointe-à-Pitre",
"Cap-Français",
"Nouméa", #(1864)
"Saint-Louis-du-Sénégal",
"-1"
)),
#England
((
"York",# 71, Roman
"Oxford", #720
"Birmingham", #c. 600
"Manchester", #79, Roman
"Nottingham",#c. 550
"Coventry", #1043
"Newcastle",#120, Roman
"Glasgow", #c. 550; Scottish, not English
"Colchester", #(pre-Roman fortress of Cunobelin + Cassevellaunus and the Catuvellauni - also Rome's largest town in Britain until Boudicca offed it - still significant well into the middle ages, still bearing a Dutch Quarter from Tudor times),
"Lincoln", #c. 650
#The following cities are considerably less important than cities in the same geographic zone. They are back-ups roughly ranked according to modern-day signficance. I imagine in most game they will never be built
"Leeds",
"Bath", #43, Roman
"Cambridge", #40, Roman. Cambridge has an important university but is otherwise insignificant.
"Chelmsford", #(one of the largest towns in medieval England - temporary capital during the Peasant's Revolt)
"Leicester",
"Norwich", #c. 650
"Middlesbrough", #686
"Canterbury", #prehistoric. Only important in Anglo-Saxon times. Its Archbishopric hasn't given it any political or economic significance.
"Derby",
"Blackburn",
"Wolverhampton",
"-1"
),(
#The following cities are roughly ranked according to how close they are to London, in order to encourage an in-game settlement pattern that vaguely corresponds with real-world geography
"London",#43, Roman
"Southampton", #c 50, Roman
"Portsmouth", #1180
"Bristol",# 1000
#"Gloucester", #48, Roman
#"Exeter", #50, Roman
"Cardiff",#55, Roman; Welsh, not English
"Liverpool", #1207
"Edinburgh",#c. 600; Scottish
"Ipswich", #(rich Tudor port) c. 620
"King's Lynn", #(prestigious in Tudor England)
"Hull", #1150
"Plymouth", #1235
"Belfast",#1609; founded by English and Scottish settlers
"Falmouth", #Cornish Aberfal, became English in the 8th century.#(lesser known port which was fairly prominent in the Napoleonic era)
"Dundee",#prehistoric, Scottish
"Aberdeen", #c. 750; Scottish
"Inverness", #Scottish
#The following cities are considerably less important than cities in the same geographic zone. They are back-ups roughly ranked according to modern-day signficance. I imagine in most games they will never be built
"Ipswich",#c. 620,
"Brighton", #c. 1000
"Hastings", #pre-historic
"Aberystwyth", # Welsh
"Penzance", #(site of the Armada's landing - little else but still more historical than Blackpool)
"Blackpool",#c. 1500. This place has never been more than a holiday resort
"-1"
),(
#"Philadelphia", #1682, USA;
"Toronto", #1787, Canada
"Edmonton", #1790, Canada
"Ottawa", #1800, Canada
"Winnipeg", #1809, Canada
"Hamilton",#1815, Canada
"Ladysmith", #1850, South Africa; founded by Boers but annexed within a year
"Maseru",#1869, Lesotho
"Alice Springs", #c. 1870, Australia
"Kimberley", #1871, South Africa
"Upington",#1871, South Africa
"Regina",#1882, Canada
"Salisbury",#1890, capital of Zimbabwe
"Blantyre",#1891, Malawi
"Livingstone", #c. 1895, Zambia
"Nairobi",#1899, Nigeria
"Canberra",#1924 (date of first residents), Australia
"-1"
),(
"Jamestown",#1607, USA
#"Boston",#1630, USA
"Providence",#1636, USA
"Bridgetown",#1654, Barbados
"Kingston",#1692, Jamaica
#"Baltimore",#1729, USA
"Sydney",#1788, Australia
"Brisbane",#1824, Australia
"Melbourne",#1835, Australia
"Adelaide",#1837, Australia
"Wellington", #1839, New Zealand
"Auckland", #1840, New Zealand
"Christchurch", #1840, New Zealand
"Victoria", #1843, Canada
"Stanley", #1843, Falkland Islands
"Vancouver", #1863, Canada
"Port Elizabeth",#1820, South Africa
"Durban",#1824, South Africa
"Perth",#1829, Australia
"Darwin", #1869, Australia
"Port Moresby", #1873, Papua New Guinea
"Nassau",#c. 1650, Bahamas; originally "Charles Town"
"Bathurst",#1816, now Banjul, The Gambia
"Halifax",#1749, Canada
"Georgetown",# 1781, Guyana
"St. John's", #1632, Antigua
"Hobart",#1803, Australia
"-1"
)),
#Germany
((
"Berlin", #(1157)(Capital)
"Wien", #(200 B.C.)
"München", #(1158)
"Prag", # cz: "Praha" , again added, i know this could lead to controversies, but it´s also the second city in the HRE list of BTS and one of the importants town in the HRE, and the capital of bohemia, the perhaps strongest kingdom in the early times of the HRE, also having kings of bohemia emperors of the HRE (eg. Charles IV) and also later a important part of the Habsburg Monarchy, almost becoming the third crown of the habsburger, if not included i would also vote for removing all now polish cities like Danzig, Ellbing, Breslau and the slovak capital Pressburg (Bratislava)
"Frankfurt", #(794) there are two frankfurts in germany, one called "Frankfurt am Main" the second called "Frankfurt an der Oder", the first is the historic more important (imo)
"Aachen", # (765) (HRE)
"Köln",
"Salzburg", #(700's)
"Dortmund", #(880)
"Stuttgart", #(950)
"Leipzig", #(1015)
"Nürnburg", #(1050)
"Düsseldorf", #(1135)
"Hannover", #(1200's)
"Dresden", #(1206)
"Essen", #(700's)
"Trier", #(16 BC) (considered as olderst german town)
"Mainz",
"Worms",
"Augsburg",
"Breslau", #(1000's), comment, see Prag
"Pressburg", #(1000's), comment, see Prag
"Magdeburg",
"Würzburg",
"Ulm",
"Karlsruhe",
"Halle",
"Potsdam",
"Luxemburg",
"Braunschweig",
"Schwerin",
"Goslar",
"Wittenberg", #officially "Lutherstadt Wittenberg"
"Klausenburg",
"-1"
),(
"Bremen", #(150)
"Hamburg", #(808)
"Königsberg", #(1255)(Prussian Capital)(now Kaliningrad, Russia)
"Lübeck", #(700)
"Danzig", #(980), comment, see Prag
"Ellbing", #(890)(now Poland: Elblag), comment, see Prag
"Rostock", #(1000's)
"Oldenburg", #(1108)(low german: Ollnburg)
"Stralsund", #(1168)
"Greifswald", #(1199) fixed typo (ie -> ei)
"Kiel", #(1233)
"Wismar",# (1000)
"Stettin",
"Memel",
"Wilhelmshaven", #(1869)
"-1"
),(
"Weidmannsheil", #(1850)
"Wituland", #(1858)
"Lüderitzbucht", #(1883)
"Bismarckburg",
"Otjimbingwe", #(1849)
"Yaounde", #(1888)
"Bujumbura", #(1889)
"Kigali", #(1907)
"-1"
),(
"Klein Venedig", #(1529
"Groß Friedrichsburg", #(1683)
"Krabbeninsel", #(1689)
"Tertholen", #(1696)
"Bagamoyo", #(1700's)
"Sebeib", #(1884)
"Kaiser-Wilhelmsland", #(1884)
"Marshallinseln", #(1885)
"Swakopmund", #(1892)
"Helgoland", #the only island not in immediate vicinity to the mainland (formerly Danish and British), therefore called germanies only "high see" island
"Theresa", # Austrian Colony, one of the Nicobar islands
"Fort Jakob",#(1651)
"Neu Kurland",#(1654) The Duchy of Courland's colonies in the Gambia and Tobago
"Neu Schwabenland",
"Neu Braunfels",
"-1"
)),
#Russia
((
"Moskva",#1147 (Landlocked Capital)
"Novgorod",#950s or so
"Kiev",# - Really Damn Old
"Jaroslavl",#1010 or so
"Tver",# - 1164
"Smolensk",#863 or so
"Carycin",#1589
"Samara",#1586
"Tula",#1300s
"Vladimir",#1108 or so
"Perm",#1647
"Pskov",#903 or so
"Voronezh",#1585
"Novosibirsk",
"Rostov",# 862 or so
"Kursk",
"Izhevsk",#1760
"Nizhnij Novgorod",# – 1221
"-1"
),(
"Sankt-Peterburg", # (Coastal Capital) – 1703
"Archangelsk",#1584
"Astrakhan",
"Rostov-na-Donu",#1794
"Sevastopol",# (now Ukrainian) 1783
"Odessa",# (ditto)
"Novorossijsk",# (Black Sea) – 1838
"Sochi", #1864
"Murmansk", #1916
"Vladivostok",
"Petropavlovsk",# - Kamchatsky
"Magadan",
"Yalta",# (Ukrainian now)
"-1"
),(
"Jakutsk",# – 1632
"Ekaterinburg",# – 1723
"Irkutsk",# – 1652
"Khabarovsk",# – 1858
"Novosibirsk",# – 1893
"Cheljabinsk",# -1763
"Tobolsk",# – 1585
"Tjumen",# – 1586
"Tomsk",# – 1604
"Krasnojarsk",# – 1628
"Omsk",# – 1716
"Barnaul",# – 1730
"Kemerovo",# – 1918
"Vostok",#(Inland Antarctic station)
"Buyukly",#(inland Sakhalin)
"Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk",# (post WW2 name), oblast capital.
"-1"
),(
"Novo-Arkhangelsk",# – 1804 (Alaska, major settlement)
"Vladivostok",# – 1860
"Okhotsk",# - 1643
"Pavlovskaja Gavan'",# - 1792
"Voskresenskaja",# (Seward, under the USA) – 1793
"Konstantinovsky",# – 1793
"Slavorossija",# – 1796
"Krepost' Ross",# (Fort Ross) – 1812
"Voskresenskaya",# (should shange to Seward when captured by USA)
"Pavlovskaya Gavan'",# (1792)
"Konstantinovsky",# (1793)
"Port Chichagov",# – around 1800 (?)
"Korsakov",# (largest town, coastal) (Sakhalin)
"Alexandrovka",# (non-minor town) (Sakhalin)
"Yuzhno-Kurilsk",# (Japanese name: Furukamappu)
"Kodiak",# (Alaska, major settlement)
"Unalaska",# (Alaska, major settlement)
"Mikhailovsk",# (Alaska, major settlement)
"Mirnyy",# (Coastal Antarctic stations)
"Molodyozhnaya",# (Coastal Antarctic stations)
"Novolazarevskaya",# (Coastal Antarctic stations)
"Magadan",# – 1930s
"Petropavlovsk–Kamchatskij",# – 1740
"-1"
)),
#Netherlands
((
"Utrecht",
"Nijmegen",
"Maastricht",
"Delft",
"Leiden",
"Haarlem",
"'s-Hertogenbosch",#also Den Bosch
"Deventer",
"Groningen",
"Leeuwarden",
"Breda",
"Eindhoven",
"Gouda",
"Alkmaar",
"Tilburg",
"-1"
),(
"Amsterdam",
"Rotterdam",
"'s-Gravenhage",# now Den Haag (=The Hague). Fierabras thinks 's-Gravenhage' fits better with the naming convention Rhye is using and that 's-Gravenhage (= the count's hedge) is more consistent with 's-Hertogenbosch (= the duke's forest), which is also known as Den Bosch.
"Den Helder",# (Historical important)
"Den Briel",# (Historical important)
"Veere",# (Historical important)
"Middelburg",# (Historical important, VOC HQ, currently non coastal)
"IJmuiden",
"Vlissingen",
"Terneuzen",
"Delfzijl",
"-1"
),(
"Bloemenfontein",
"Johannesburg",
"Windhoek",
"Pretoria",
"Stellenbosch",
"Fort Nassau",
"Fort Oranje",
"Fort Zeelandia", # (many costal colonies are named likewise)
"Noortwijck", # (New York area)
"-1"
),(
"Kaapstad", # (in RFC Kaapstadt)
"Nieuw Amsterdam", # (not only New York)
"Nieuw Rotterdam",
"Walvisbaai", # (= whale Bay)
"Batavia", # (= Djakatra)
"Oranjestad",
"Willemstad",
"Mauritsstad",
"Pietermaritzburg",
"Stabroek",
"Paramaribo",
"Deshima", # (artificial island in Japan in the 1600's, Dutch tradingpost until the 1800's, also 't eyland Schisma)
"-1"
)),
#Mali
((
"Timbuktu",
"Niani",# - the actual capital of Mali
"Kangaba",# - pre Malian Empire capital
"Jenne",#
"Gao",#
"Taghaza",#
"Walata",#
"Tadmekka",#
"Wadan",#
"Awdaghost",#
"Teodeni",#
"Bilma",#
"Agades",#
"Titchitt",#
"Kirina",#
"Takedda",#
"Kita",#
"Kulikoro",#
"Kumbi Saleh",# (G)
"Kukiya",# (S)
"Kitsina",#, also called Katsina (S)
"Kano",# (S)
"Zaria",# (S)
"Segu",# (S)
"Arawan",# (S)
"Hombori",# (S)
"Rano",# (S)
"Tondib",#i (S)
"Diara",# (S)
"Bamba",# (S)
"Bussa",# (S)
"Say",# (S)
"-1"
),(
"Accra",# (G)
"Nioro",# (G)
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
)),
#Portugal
((
"Guimarães",
"Braga",
"Coimbra",
"Bragança",
"Évora",
#"Silves",
"Santarém",
"Leiria",
"Viseu",
"Lamego",
"Beja",
"Guarda",
"Covilhã",
"Mértola", #( was once an important river harbor)
"Tomar",
"Alcobaça",
"Portalegre",
"Ponte de Lima",
"Castelo Branco",
"Chaves",
"Estremoz",
"Castelo Branco",
"Tomar",
"-1"
),(
"Lisboa",
"Oporto",
"Silves", #(this, not Faro, was the original capital of Algarve and an important coastal city until its river became silted)
"Faro",
"Lagos",
"Setúbal",
"Tavira",
"Aveiro",
"Alcácer do Sal", #(an old coastal city, eventually its harbor was transfered to Setúbal as the river's estuary became silted)
"Viana do Castelo",
"Figueira da Foz",
"Almada",
"Caminha",
"Sesimbra",
"-1"
),(
"São Paulo",
"São Salvador",#(Congo)
"Diamantina",
"Vila Rica",
"Belém",
"Ouro Preto",
"Tete",#(Mozambique)
"Huambo",#(Nova Lisboa, Angola)
"Cuiabá",
"Cuito Cuanavale",#(Angola)
"Malvérnia",#(Mozambique)
"Vila Pery", #(Mozambique)
"Vila Junqueiro",#(Mozambique)
"Vila Cabral",#(Mozambique)
"Sá da Bandeira",#(Angola)
"Vila Luso",#(Angola)
"Cidade de Minas", #post-independence period?
"Manaus", #(Amazon River, might be considered part of the brazilian period)
"Oerias", #the capital of a state in the middle of Colonial Brazil
"Alpargatas",#An old city in the Northeast region
"-1"
),(
"Ponta Delgada",
"Funchal",
"Goa",#(pangim/panaji/panjim in India)
"Luanda",
"Rio de Janeiro",
"Porto Seguro",
"Recife",
"Macau",
"Arguim", #Mauretania
"São Jorge da Mina",
"Olinda",
"Benguela", #Angola
"Quelimane", #Mozambique
"Moçambique", #(island of)
"Angra do Heroísmo", #(added)
"Díli",# (in Timor-Leste)
#"Vitória",
"Rio Grande de São Pedro",#pampa in south brazil
"Bissau",#Guiné-Bissau
"Lourenço Marques",# (Maputo in Moçambique)
"Damão",# (Daman in India)
#Some important coastal cities, conquered/developed/occupied but not founded by the portuguese:
#"Ceuta", #(currently spanish)
#"Malaca", #(Malasia)
#"Ormuz", #(Hormuz in Iran)
"-1"
)),
#Inca
((
"Qusqu",
"Machu-Pikchu",
"Quitu",
"Ariqipaya",
"Wantar Chawin",# (oldest settlement in America, should be renamed as Chavín de Huántar if conquered by Spain))
"Kashamarka", #(Cajamarca)
"Huamanga",
"Willkapampa", #(should be renamed to Vilcabamba if conquered by Spain)
"Ullantaytanpu",
"Andahuailas",
"Waras", #(Huaraz)
"Tomebamba",
"Kuélap",
"-1"
),(
"Chan-Chan",
"Nazca",
"Tiyawanaku",# (used to be on Titicaca, but as close as what the original Incan knew as a sea)
"Tucume",
"Pachacamaq",
"Punu",# (on Titicaca, but as close as what the original Incan knew as a sea, should be renamed as Puno if conquered by Spain)
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
)),
#Mongolia
((
"Kharakhorum",#- 1220
"Ulaanbaatar",# - 1639
"Ulaan-Ude",# (Ulan-Ude) -1666
"Samarqand",# - 700BC-ish, also on Persian city-list
"Bukhara",# - 500BC-ish, leveled by the Mongols in 1220
"Tashkent",# – 400BC-ish, leveled by the Mongols in 1219
"Kasgár",# – 76BC-ish
"Urumqi",# – founded by the Tang Dynasty in 0AD-ish, dubbed Urumqi in 1954
"Lhasa",# - 641AD–ish
"Hohhot",#- 1580
"Amarbayasgalant",# – 1727
"Chojbalsan",# – 1800s #Choybalsan
"Chahar",# – 1912
"Sukhbaatar",# - 1940
"Darkhan",# - 1961
"Erdenet",# - 1975
"-1"
),(
"Khovsgol",# - 1931
"Khalkh Gol",# - site of major fighting in 1939
"Olkhon",# - 1987
"Uvs Nuur",# - Lake, permanent settlement in 1930s
"Hulun Nuur",# - Lake, permanent settlement in 1930s
"-1"
),(
"Sarai Berke",# – 1245-ish
"Shine Sarai",# (New Sarai, which was separate, while Sarai Berke and Sarai Batu were probably the same city) – before 1395
"Kazan",# - mid 1400s
"Khem-Beldyr",# – 1914
"-1"
),(
"Khazaran",# - Between 600 and 1000AD
"Astrakhan",# - existed in the 1200s
"Elista",# – 1865
"-1"
)),
#Aztec
((
"Tenochtitlan",
"Texcoco",
"Tlacopan",#also called Tacuba
"Cholula",
"Azcapotzalco",
"Chalco",
"Xochimilco",
"Colhuacan",
"Teotihuacan",
"Tlatelolco",
"Matlatzinco",#also called Calixtlahuaca
"Tultitlán",
"Ixtapaluca",
"CuauhnAhuac",
"Mitla",
"Ecatepec",
"Malinalco",
"Xallapan",
"Huexotla",
"Tequixquiac",
"Tamuín",
"Mixquic",
"Coatlinchan",
"-1"
),(
"Cempoala",
"Túxpam",
"Acapulco",
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
),(
"-1",
"-1"
)),
#Turkey
((
"Sögüt", #first capital
"Edirne",#(? by Greeks)
"Bursa",#(202 B.C. by Greeks)
"Konya",#(3000-1500 B.C.)
"Angora",#(1200 B.C.)(Current Capital)
"Erzurum",#(Ancient times)
"Eskisehir", #(1000 BC)
"Denizli",#(Prehistoric Times by Greeks)
"Kars",#(before 800)
"Ayintap",#(1500-1000 B.C.)
"Malatya",#(1400 B.C.)
"Diyar-i Bekr",#(1200 B.C.)
"Adana",#modern Antioch
"-1"
),(
"Istanbul",#(Capital)(founded 330 A.D. by Romans and 667 B.C. by Greeks)
"Izmir",#(1500 B.C.)
"Trabzon",#(756 B.C. by Greeks)
"Kayseri",
"Alanya",#(625 B.C.)
"Samsun",#(500 B.C. by Greeks)
"Iskenderun",#(333 B.C.)
"Antalya",#(150 B.C. by Greeks)
"Mersin",#(8000 B.C./1200 B.C.)
"Karadeniz Eregli",#(Ancient times by Greeks)
"Izmit",#(200BC) also called Nicomedia
"Bandirma",#(Recently)
"-1"
),(
"Varna",#Bulgaria, under Turkish rule for 400 years
"Sofya",#Sofia, Bulgaria, see Varna above
"Bükres",#(1459). Bucharest.Under Ottoman influence until 1850s
"Temesvar",#Now Timisoara (Romania)
"Saraybosna",#(1461) Now Sarajevo
"Mohaç",#in Hungary
"Budin",#Turkish name for Buda (now Budapest)
"Prizren",#major Ottoman city in Europe. Now in Kosovo
"-1"
),(
"Kefe",#also Caffa. Major Black Sea port
"Azak",#also called Azov
"Benghazi",#in Libya
"Baku",#in Azerbaijan
"-1"
)),
#America
((
#+means initially founded by England
#++means initially founded by France
#+++means initially founded by Spain or Mexico
#++++means initially founded by the Netherlands
"Detroit",# ca 1701+
"Chicago",# ca 1770+
"Kansas City",# (1714)
"Pittsburgh",# ca 1758+
"Nashville",# (1779)
"Cincinnati",# ca 1788
"Buffalo",# ca 1789
"Cleveland",# ca 1796
"Indianapolis",# (1821)
"Atlanta",# ca 1837
"Minneapolis",#?(1837)
"Dallas",# ca 1841
"Salt Lake City",# ca 1847
"Denver",# ca 1858
"Duluth",# ca 1857
"Phoenix",# ca 1881
#"Las Vegas",# ca 1905
"-1"
),(
"Washington",# ca 1790 (capital)
"New York",# ca 1624++++ (also potentially an English settlement)
"Boston",# ca 1630+
"Philadelphia",# ca 1681+
#"New Orleans",# ca 1718 (potentially Spanish as well)
#"San Diego",# ca 1769+++
"Los Angeles",# ca 1771+++
"Jacksonville",#(1791)
"San Francisco",# ca 1776+++
"Miami",# ca 1825
"Houston",# ca 1837
"Portland",#(1843)(not on ocean but close enough)
"Oakland",#(1848)
"Seattle",# ca 1851
"Virginia Beach",
"-1"
),(

"Fairbanks",#(1903)
"Gamboa",#(1911, Panama)
"Camp Darby",#(Italy)
"Camp Ederle",#(Italy)
"Harbel",#(1926, Liberia)
"Fort Gulick",#(Panama)
"Fort Sherman",#(Panama)
"Quarry Heights",#(Panama)
"Fort Clayton",#(Panama)
"Fort Kobbe",#(Panama)
"-1"
),(
"Saint Thomas",# ca 1657
"Guam",# ca 1668
#"Freetown",#(Founded by British, not US. I assume this is referring to Sierra Leone's?)
"Monrovia",
"American Samoa",#: ca 1830s
"Midway",#(1867)
"Juneau",# (alaska) 1881 (most definitely coastal, not inland)
"Honolulu",#: ca 1898 (Hawaii was annexed as a territory in 1898, although was arguably influenced/claimed by America earlier).
"Anchorage",#: ca 1914
"Unalaska",#(1933)
"Saipan",#(1986)
"Fort Amador",#(Panama)
"-1"
)))

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